MRI of the abdomen is a painless, noninvasive imaging method that uses magnets and radio waves to create images of internal organs of your body. The magnets and radio waves create cross-sectional pictures of your abdomen, which allows your doctor to detect abnormalities in the tissues and organs without making an incision. As long as MRI does not use radiation, it is considered to be safer than a CT scan.
A doctor will be asking about pain, nausea, vomiting, and many other symptoms related to your abdominal area. Causes of symptoms may originate in different structures and therefore the examination can focus on:
Usually, in the hospital, you will undergo ultrasonography and/or CT examination. However, these imaging methods may be insufficient and your doctor will send you to the MRI to clarify the suspected diagnosis, which may include:
During the examination, you will be asked to lie face-up on the scanning table. Lying on the table of the MRI machine, you will then slide into the scanning area. When performing a scan, you will hear the MRI make a rapid tapping noise. Sometimes, doctors may ask for an injection of contrast into a vein in your arm. To achieve a high quality of the images, you should relax and remain still during the exam. In many centers, patients are offered earplugs or a music headset, sometimes blankets are also available. You will be examined around 30 to 60 minutes, depending on the study.
For patients with metal implants, an MRI exam is safe in most cases. People with the following implants cannot be scanned and should not enter the MRI scanning area:
In cases you have a tattoo, it is also needed to inform your radiologist. To get to know more about the risks connected with tattoos and MRI, click here.
Also, women who are pregnant should avoid having an elective MRI. If you are pregnant and need an MRI, you should be individually evaluated for risk vs. benefit and should avoid an MRI in the 1st trimester of pregnancy. To read more about the risks of the MRI during the pregnancy and breastfeeding click here.